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EditPhoto Title:Conservation Stewards Program
EditPhoto Description:Helping people choose conservation
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EditImage Description:Malagasy farmer
EditPhoto Credit:© Cristina Mittermeier
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In many parts of the world, communities are using their land, water and other natural resources in unsustainable ways — simply because there is no economic alternative.

When conservation offers concrete benefits to rural farmers and local communities, protecting the environment becomes an increasingly viable and attractive choice. CI’s Conservation Stewards Program (CSP) works with communities who agree to protect their natural resources, as well as the benefits they provide, in exchange for a steady stream of compensation from investors. This approach helps conserve biodiversity while improving the quality of life for local communities.

​Conservation Agreements: Bridging Conservation & Development

CSP’s conservation agreement model offers direct incentives for conservation through a negotiated benefit package in return for conservation actions by communities. Thus, a conservation agreement links conservation funders — governments, bilateral agencies, private sector companies, foundations, individuals, etc. — to people who own and use natural resources.

Benefits typically include investments​ in social services like health and education as well as investments in livelihoods, often in the agricultural or fisheries sectors. Benefits can also include direct payments and wages. The size of these benefit packages depends on the cost of changes in resource use, as well as conservation performance. Rigorous monitoring verifies both conservation and socioeconomic results.​​

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EditSection Title:Why Conservation Agreements?
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EditResult value:Stewardship building
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EditText:Conservation agreements empower people to drive the solution to conservation challenges


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EditResult value:Adaptable and fair
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EditText:The terms of conservation agreements are designed with local communities, and they are tailored to specific situations and needs


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EditResult value:Positive results
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EditText:Conservation agreements deliver concrete, measurable benefits for human well-being


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EditResult value:Equitable
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EditText:Conservation agreements offset the opportunity cost of doing conservation
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EditImage Alt Text:Villagers in canoe near Santa Marta Colombia
EditTitle:By the numbers
EditSubtitle:1.5 million hectares conserved
EditText:Founded in 2005, CSP has worked with communities worldwide, with 51 agreements signed in 14 countries, benefiting a total of 35,000 people and leading to the protection of 1.5 million hectares of key habitat.

To date, CSP has committed $7 million in grants, with an additional $10.3 million leveraged by those grants.

EditPhoto Credit:© Robin Moore/iLCP
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Engaging the private sector

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EditImage Description: Managing mangroves in Colombia.

Given the popularity of the conservation agreements model with private-sector partners, Conservation International launched the Conservation Agreements Private Partnership Platform (CAPPP) in 2015 to catalyze private-sector support for biodiversity conservation and maintenance of ecosystem services in globally important sites. With support from the GEF Earth Fund, and in collaboration with the United Nations Environment Programme as implementing agency, the CAPPP forges mutually beneficial links between the private sector and local communities or landowners who commit to achieve biodiversity conservation, reduce land degradation, support climate regulation efforts and promote sustainable natural resource management.

As of November 2018, the CAPPP includes 17 conservation agreements, each with unique environmental and socioeconomic objectives and metrics. Results to date include:

  • Nearly 10,000 square kilometers (3,800 square miles) of areas important for nature under improved management across the portfolio
  • 30,000 people directly benefitting through conservation agreements
  • Improved water production and improved management of 14,000 hectares (35,000 acres) of key watersheds in Bolivia, benefiting 264 families
  • New market access for livestock farmers from sustainably managed rangelands around Kruger National Park and Succulent Karoo Biodiversity Hotspot in South Africa
  • Protection of important mangrove forests and key species by communities on Colombia’s Pacific coast

Read more about the CAPPP projects in the factsheets below.

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EditPhoto Credit:© INVEMAR-Fundación Natura
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      EditSection Title:Funding community conservation projects
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      EditImage Description:Farmers Reap Benefits of Improved Grazing Practices

      CSP works with communities to maintain ecosystem services that sustain livelihoods — allowing people to become stewards of natural resources. By empowering communities, CSP’s projects protect biodiversity against illegal fishing and logging and support climate, freshwater and cultural security.

      In 2009, CSP and Conservation South Africa (CSA) initiated the Biodiversity and Red Meat Initiative (BRI), through which farmers commit to sustainable approaches to grazing, water management, stock numbers and predator control. In return, they get higher prices for their stock and other benefits.

      READ MORE: Farmers in Namaqualand Reap the Benefits of Improved Grazing Practices

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      EditDefault Title:Conservation Agreements in Alto Mayo, Peru[Optional]
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          ​Contact Us

          Zachary Wells - Technical Director​

          Amos Thiong’o Mwaura - Regional Manager for Africa

          Alejandro Rosselli - Regional Manager for Latin America

          Fitri Hasibuan - Regional Manager for Asia​

          ​​Juliette Crepin - Private Sector Adviso​r​

          More of Our Work Links

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          First Image

          EditImage Alt Text:Night falls over Rio de Janeiro. © Nikada

          Second Image

          EditTitle:Science and Innovation
          EditImage Alt Text:Scientists set a camera trap. © Benjamin Drummond

          Third Image

          EditTitle:The Ocean
          EditImage Alt Text:Coral reef in Viti Levu, Fiji, Oceania. © William Crosse