New research details profound impact of climate change in Central America

March 1, 2017

The research papers, by scientists from Conservation International and partners from over 20 institutions including academia and research centers, are available online at

Key research findings include:

“These results show that climate change will have major impacts on crop productivity and smallholders in Central America,” said Lee Hannah, a senior scientist at Moore Center for Science and co-author and co-editor of the special issue. “This research improves our ability to help the most vulnerable small farmers and those in poverty.”

The effects of climate change are already evident in Central America, with changes in rainfall, temperature and water availability affecting the region’s large population of smallholder farmers. Their crops reliant on rainfall, these farmers are especially vulnerable to changes in climatic conditions and often have limited financial resources and capacity to cope with climate stresses and shocks.

The research addresses the region’s consistent lack of access to information needed to guide policymaking. This lack of information has impeded policy makers, practitioners and leaders from implementing policy strategies that could help smallholder farmers and the overall region to adapt.

As part of Conservation International’s CASCADE Project, the research is a joint venture with the Tropical Agricultural Research and Higher Education Center (CATIE) and CIRAD, a research center working with developing countries to tackle international agricultural and development issues. Conservation International’s CASCADE Project is funded by the International Climate Initiative of the German Government. The CASCADE “Ecosystem-based Adaptation for Smallholder Subsistence and Coffee Farming Communities in Central America” project is identifying and testing ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA) strategies to help smallholder farming communities adapt to these climate changes in Costa Rica, Honduras and Guatemala.

About Conservation International

Conservation International uses science, policy and partnerships to protect the nature people rely on for food, fresh water and livelihoods. Founded in 1987, Conservation International works in more than 30 countries on six continents to ensure a healthy, prosperous planet that supports us all. Learn more about Conservation International and its groundbreaking “Nature Is Speaking” campaign, and follow Conservation International’s work on Facebook, Twitter, Instagram and YouTube.