UN Biodiversity Negotiations

© TommL/istockphoto


In 2021, 196 countries will come together to develop new global goals on biodiversity in a framework that will be implemented over the next decade, with the objective of promoting a healthy planet and human well-being.


United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity

Learn more about the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework process on the CBD website »

The Conference of the Parties (COP) refers to the annual meeting of the member countries of the 1993 United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). The upcoming COP in Kunming, China, will be the 15th annual meeting to advance the implementation of the Convention and is known as COP 15.

This new Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework will be negotiated by countries at the 15th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD COP 15) scheduled for 2021 in Kunming, China. The framework will include a set of global goals, targets and indicators that will guide conservation efforts for the next 10 years. It will replace and update the Aichi Biodiversity Targets — the previous global strategic plan for biodiversity created in 2010.

In addition to agreeing to this new biodiversity framework at COP 15, countries will also negotiate financing arrangements and establish a mechanism to implement the plan of action.




Our policy objectives

Conservation International welcomes the progress made toward a fully developed Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework. We see the combination of state-based goals and action-oriented targets as a strong foundation, and we support the increased focus on nature’s role in providing vital benefits to people, including for food, water, and climate.

Consider nature’s contributions to people

Healthy ecosystems provide a range of benefits – including supporting economic growth, sustaining livelihoods, regulating climate and providing food and water security. We now have the science to identify ecosystems that are essential to achieving the aims of the Paris Agreement on climate change and the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) — a set of 17 broad goals calling for countries to "end poverty, protect the planet and ensure that all people enjoy peace and prosperity." The SDGs explicitly recognize the intimate connections between the economy, society and the environment. In fact, forthcoming research shows that about half of these global goals cannot be achieved without nature. A strong framework would ensure that nature’s role in providing these benefits is clearly articulated, with a specific focus on protecting the ecosystems that are essential for human well-being.

In addition to nature’s role in providing food, water and livelihoods for people, scientists have found that protecting, restoring and sustainably managing natural ecosystems, such as old-growth forests, marshes, mangroves and peatlands, could account for at least 30 percent of global action needed to avoid the worst climate scenarios. Ecosystems that are providing essential contributions to human well-being should be prioritized in the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework, including in calls for the conservation of at least 30 percent of land and sea by 2030.

Increase overall ambition

Creating transformational change will require a greater level of ambition. While targets for biodiversity loss are important, we must also address the underlying economic drivers of this loss. We encourage parties to maintain and strengthen targets that integrate biodiversity values into decision making, supply chain considerations and economic incentives and subsidies.

Ensure funding and capacity building

A strong agreement on financing the framework’s goals and targets will be key to determining its success. Overseas development aid will be an important part of any financing agreement, but it will not be enough. Domestic financing will be essential, both through increased investment in biodiversity and through reduced spending on activities that harm biodiversity. We recommend that parties agree to provide sufficient resources to finance the full implementation of the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework.

Ensure inclusive participation and a human rights-based approach

Indigenous peoples and local communities are on the front lines of protecting biodiversity and caring for areas with diverse species and ecosystems around the globe. Conservation International works to connect Indigenous peoples and local communities to funding, training, and technology, helping to secure their land rights so that protecting nature also protects their livelihoods. We are calling for the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework to adhere to a human rights-based approach that ensures the respect and support of all humanity, including Indigenous peoples and local communities.


Several preparatory negotiations have been held ahead of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity, providing opportunities for Parties and Observers to submit their positions on the Global Biodiversity Framework development process. Conservation International has offered several such positions, meant to drive conversation around the importance of having a strong focus on nature’s contribution to people in the Framework.


Additional negotiations

A series of additional negotiations will take place in advance of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity. Conservation International will update this page as more information becomes available. Below are summaries of the expected scope of work for the upcoming meetings:

Twenty-fourth meeting of the Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice
3 May – 13 June 2021 (virtual)
At this meeting, Parties and observers will discuss the Proposed Headline Indicators and Monitoring Framework for the Global Biodiversity Framework, including the goals, targets, monitoring framework, and indicators, as well as marine and coastal biodiversity, biodiversity and agriculture, and biodiversity and health in the context of the Global Biodiversity Framework.
Official site »

Third meeting of the Subsidiary Body on Implementation
3 May – 13 June 2021 (virtual)
Representatives will review progress in the implementation of the Convention’s Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 and its protocols in advance of the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework. Parties and observers will discuss resource mobilization, mechanisms for reporting, assessment and review of implementation, and the mainstreaming of biodiversity within and across sectors and other strategic actions to enhance implementation of the Global Biodiversity Framework.
Official site »

Third meeting of the Open-ended Working Group on the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework
2 - 7 August 2021, Venue to be determined (Tentative)
This meeting will take place at least nine weeks after the close of the 3 SBI. At this meeting, Parties and observers will discuss and agree upon an updated draft of the Global Biodiversity Framework and an updated draft of the monitoring framework.
Official site »

Fifteenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity
11-24 October 2021, Kunming, Yunnan Province, China (Tentative)
Official site »


Press contact

Jessica Brown, Media Relations Specialist

See our latest news and press releases at conservation.org/newsroom.



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