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UN Biodiversity Negotiations

© TommL/istockphoto


In 2022, 196 countries will come together to develop new global goals on biodiversity in a framework that will be implemented over the next decade, with the objective of promoting a healthy planet and human well-being.

United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity

Learn more about the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework process »

The Conference of the Parties (COP) refers to the annual meeting of the member countries of the 1993 United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). The upcoming COP in Kunming, China, will be the 15th annual meeting to advance the implementation of the Convention and is known as COP 15.


This new Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework will be negotiated by countries at the 15th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD COP 15) scheduled for the third quarter of 2022. The framework will include a set of global goals, targets and indicators that will guide conservation efforts for the next 10 years. It will replace and update the Aichi Biodiversity Targets — the previous global strategic plan for biodiversity created in 2010.

In addition to agreeing to this new biodiversity framework at COP 15, countries will also negotiate financing arrangements and establish a mechanism to implement the plan of action.


Our policy objectives

Conservation International welcomes the progress made toward a fully developed Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework. We see the combination of goals and action-oriented targets as a strong foundation, we support the increased focus on nature’s role in providing vital benefits to people, including for food, water, and climate, and appreciate the reorganization of the outcome-oriented goals to represent the main objectives of the Convention on Biological Diversity alongside goals that address resourcing and implementation.

Consider nature’s contributions to people

Healthy ecosystems provide a range of goods and services to people such as supporting economic growth, sustaining livelihoods, and providing the basis for food and water security as well as a stable climate. These are called ecosystem services, or Nature’s Contributions to People (NCP). To sustain nature’s contributions to people, we must conserve the places most important for providing them, alongside those most important for species and ecosystem representation. We now have the science to identify ecosystems that are essential to achieving the aims of the Paris Agreement on climate change and the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) — a set of 17 broad goals calling for countries to "end poverty, protect the planet and ensure that all people enjoy peace and prosperity." In fact, forthcoming research shows that about half of these global goals cannot be achieved without nature. A strong framework would ensure that nature’s role in providing these benefits is clearly articulated, with a specific focus on protecting the ecosystems that are essential for human well-being.

In addition to nature’s role in providing food, water and livelihoods for people, scientists have found that protecting, restoring and sustainably managing natural ecosystems, such as old-growth forests, marshes, mangroves and peatlands, could account for at least 30 percent of global action needed to avoid the worst climate scenarios. Ecosystems that are providing essential contributions to human well-being should be prioritized in the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework, including in calls for the conservation of at least 30 percent of land and sea by 2030.


Increase overall ambition

Creating transformational change will require a greater level of ambition. While targets for biodiversity loss are important, we must also address the underlying economic drivers of this loss. We encourage parties to maintain and strengthen targets that integrate biodiversity values into decision making, supply chain considerations and economic incentives and subsidies.


Ensure funding and capacity building

A strong agreement on financing the framework’s goals and targets will be key to determining its success. Overseas development aid will be an important part of any financing agreement, but it will not be enough. Domestic financing will be essential, both through increased investment in biodiversity and through reduced spending on activities that harm biodiversity. We recommend that parties agree to provide sufficient resources to finance the full implementation of the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework.


Ensure inclusive participation and a human rights-based approach

Indigenous Peoples and local communities are central to the success of the development and implementation of the framework. Therefore, the entire framework must ensure the full, effective, and equitable participation of IPLCs in all GBF related processes and adhere to a human rights-based approach that strengthens rights for all. We are calling for the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework to adhere to a human rights-based approach that ensures the respect and support of all humanity, including Indigenous peoples and local communities.




Several preparatory negotiations have been held ahead of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity, providing opportunities for Parties and Observers to submit their positions on the Global Biodiversity Framework development process.

Conservation International has offered several such positions, meant to drive conversation around the importance of having a strong focus on nature’s contribution to people in the Framework.


Additional negotiations

A series of additional negotiations will take place in advance of the adoption of the Global Biodiversity Framework. Conservation International will update this page as more information becomes available.

Fifteenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity: Part 1
11-15 October 2021 (hybrid – virtual and Kunming, China)
Official site »

Intersessional Negotiation on the Global Biodiversity Framework
13-29 March 2022 (Geneva, Switzerland)
Official site »

Intersessional Negotiation on the Global Biodiversity Framework
21-26 June 2022 (Nairobi, Kenya)
Official site »

Fifteenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity: Part 2 (CBD COP 15)
7-19 December 2022 (Montreal, Canada)
Official site »

Turning science into policy

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Jessica Brown, Media Relations Specialist

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