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UN Climate Negotiations 2022

The Road to Sharm el-Sheikh


This November, at the United Nations climate summit (COP 27) in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt, representatives from nearly 200 countries will seek to raise global ambition and accelerate national action on climate change to meet the goals of the Paris Agreement.

» UNFCCC COP 27 will be in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt from 6-18 November 2022



Building Resilience in the East African Community and Sub-Saharan Africa: Challenges and Opportunities

  • Time/Date: Friday, November 11, 4:45pm-6:15pm (Egypt Standard Time; UTC +2:00)
  • Location: Room 9, Sharm el-Sheikh International Convention Center, Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt (COP 27 venue)

This event will help illustrate how the East African Community region — and sub-Saharan Africa more generally — is implementing strategies that harness nature-based solutions for adapting to climate change. The event will focus on opportunities and challenges in financing these solutions. Additionally, it will help highlight options for leveraging local knowledge and promoting leadership in adaptation-related actions.

Speakers: Speakers at the event include representatives from the East African Community, the Africa Research & Impact Network, Frankfurt School – UNEP Collaborating Centre, Conservation International, African Adaptation Research Alliance, International Development Research Centre, and Government representatives from eastern and southern Africa.

For more details, please contact Conservation International’s Adaptation Strategy Director Giacomo Fedele at



U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change

Learn more about this session on the UNFCCC website »

The Conference of the Parties (COP) refers to the annual meeting of the 197 parties of the 1992 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). This year’s meeting in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt is the 27th annual COP to advance the shared objective of tackling climate change.

At the UN climate summit, Conservation International’s engagement focuses on elevating the role of nature-based solutions to climate change — such as protecting forests, mangroves and peatlands — to both limit global warming and help communities adapt to climate change.

During formal negotiations of the Paris Agreement at the upcoming COP 27 in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt, Conservation International will build on momentum from the mid-year summit in Bonn, Germany to help countries deliver support and incentives for accelerating nature-based climate action. Solutions that protect nature must be included in the remaining implementation guidance for international cooperative approaches — known as Article 6 of the Paris Agreement — as well as in discussions on agriculture and the ocean’s role in addressing climate change. Conservation International will advise on how to capture the critical role of nature during the ongoing Global Stocktake process to evaluate progress toward meeting the Paris Agreement’s goals. COP 27 will also set the stage for critical discussions on climate adaptation, justice, finance and accountability. Conservation International is coordinating with partners representing diverse sectors to galvanize action on these issues — both in and outside of the negotiation rooms.

Nature-based solutions, which are essential to the Paris Agreement’s goals, provide opportunities for countries to increase their climate ambition; they must be part of countries’ nationally determined contributions and complement Paris Agreement mechanisms. Harnessing the full potential of nature to mitigate climate change — and help communities adapt to its impacts — is critical to the success of the Paris Agreement.

Our approach

Conserving nature is critical to achieving the Paris Agreement’s goals. Protecting, sustainably managing and restoring natural ecosystems, such as forests and wetlands, can provide at least 30 percent of the global action needed to limit average temperature rise to 1.5 degrees Celsius (2.7 degrees Fahrenheit). Yet, nature conservation currently receives only 3 percent of global climate finance.

Nature remains among the most effective — and cost-effective — climate solutions. UN research shows that three actions — reducing the destruction of forests and other ecosystems; restoring ecosystems; and improving the management of working lands, such as farms — are among the top five most effective strategies for cutting climate-warming carbon. Protecting and restoring nature is also necessary to achieve most of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), a series of 17 goals established in 2015 as a roadmap for global development. Nature conservation can directly and materially improve the lives of billions of people around the world. As stewards of lands that contain almost a quarter of the world’s land-based carbon, Indigenous peoples and local communities are on the front lines of climate change. To recognize the importance of these stakeholders, Conservation International works to connect Indigenous peoples and local communities to funding, training and technology — helping to secure their land rights so that protecting nature also protects their livelihoods.

Conservation International helps countries achieve the goals of the Paris Agreement by providing policy recommendations, scientific models, tools and funding platforms for implementing natural climate solutions at scale. We envision a world where nature’s contribution to addressing climate change is maximized — meaning natural climate solutions are implemented to their fullest potential for mitigating climate change and are also fully deployed in places where ecosystems can help vulnerable populations adapt to the present and future impacts of climate change.


This is an important year for countries to accelerate the implementation of their nationally determined contributions — their targets for achieving the Paris Agreement — and for the international community to provide additional technical and financial support. While some countries have taken positive steps towards increasing their ambitions to fight climate change, and there have been commitments for implementation support, more action is needed to prevent the most dangerous impacts of climate change and ensure communities can adapt to them.

Our policy objectives for COP 27

Our policy recommendations are available in English, Spanish, and French.

See our schedule of events at COP 27.

Press contact
Jessica Brown, Director of Media Relations

See our latest news and press releases at

Conservation International works to equip decision-makers with accessible, policy-relevant science to restore and protect critical ecosystems as part of global climate action.

At COP 27, Conservation International will strive to advance the critical role nature plays in implementing the Paris Agreement by calling on countries to:

Increase efficiency of delivering climate goals and finance through the international cooperative mechanisms in Article 6 of the Paris Agreement:

  • Negotiations should focus on major outstanding issues for operationalizing Article 6, which countries reached an agreement on at COP 26 in Glasgow, as well as ensure the work program on emissions avoidance under Article 6.2 and 6.4 maintains a narrow scope in line with its mandate.
  • To incentivize ambitious mitigation action, market-based approaches under Articles 6.2 or 6.4, and non-market approaches under Article 6.8, should accelerate nature-based solutions with rigorous environmental and social integrity.
  • Parties should engage Indigenous peoples and local communities in discussions on the linkages between operationalizing Article 6 and the Local Communities and Indigenous Peoples Platform, which helps promotes Indigenous knowledge sharing and facilitates Indigenous peoples’ engagement with the UNFCCC process. This includes independent grievance mechanisms.

Call for accelerated, nature-positive climate action in the agriculture sector:

  • Parties should focus on areas of agreement and the urgent need for transformative action to develop the next phase of the Koronivia Joint Work on Agriculture (KJWA) to help achieve the mitigation and adaptation goals of the Paris Agreement and UNFCCC.
  • The next phase of the KJWA should emerge from COP 27 with a new, specific mandate to drive implementation and delivery support for solutions that will increase the resilience of and reduce emissions from the agriculture sector, while ensuring food security and dignified livelihoods for all. The next phase of the KJWA should also include a special focus on the critical role of nature-based solutions for sustainable land management — and clearly recognize the rights of Indigenous peoples.

Strengthen the functions of the Local Communities and Indigenous Peoples Platform (LCIPP) to better ensure inclusive and effective participation in climate policy processes:

  • Parties should increase meaningful engagement of government stakeholders in the LCIPP activities, especially those aimed at improving the participation of Indigenous peoples and local communities in national climate policy planning processes.
  • Ensure all the functions of the LCIPP are met through the implementation of the second three­- year work plan and improve its linkages to climate negotiations by facilitating engagement with Indigenous peoples and local communities in all relevant agenda items.

Continue building and enhancing urgent action on the ocean-climate nexus:

  • Countries should call for the inclusion and advancement of coastal and marine nature­ based solutions in all relevant UNFCCC processes and negotiations. These include ongoing processes and negotiations related to finance, science, mitigation, adaptation and the Global Stocktake process, among other areas.
  • See our brief on Options for strengthening action on ocean and coasts under the UNFCCC for more information.

Ensure the Global Stocktake (GST) fully reflects the critical role of nature in achieving the goals of the Paris Agreement:

  • Participants in the GST Technical Dialogue should provide robust technical inputs about the importance of nature-based solutions for climate change mitigation and adaptation to ensure this dialogue appropriately reflects the critical role of nature in meeting the goals of the Paris Agreement. These inputs should also stress the importance of improving equitable access to finance, capacity-building, and technology transfer to implement nature-based solutions and provide a just transition to green economies.
  • Parties should explicitly discuss how to fully include nature within the GST outcomes

Nature Zone Pavilion

Conservation International has joined forces with over 20 organizations to co-host the Nature Zone Pavilion at COP 27. This collaborative event space aims to build momentum for a people-centered, nature-positive future around the belief that nature is crucial to tackling both climate and biodiversity crises, and that high integrity nature-based solutions are among the smartest and most cost-effective approaches to draw down carbon from the atmosphere. Nature can contribute substantially to net-zero targets and climate and ecosystem resilience and adaptation — all while strengthening and supporting the livelihoods of local communities. Nature Zone partners include Nature4Climate (N4C), UN Climate Champions, Global Commons Alliance (GCA), The Nature Conservancy, Bloomberg Philanthropies, National Geographic Society, The Climate Pledge, Environmental Defense Fund, the Wildlife Conservation Society, The Pew Charitable Trusts, Crowther Lab, Restor, the World Business Council for Sustainable Development, American Forests, WWF International and the World Resources Institute.

An extensive Nature Zone events program will showcase the importance of putting nature at the heart of the climate conversation. The program is forthcoming and will be posted on this webpage once available. Conversations on challenges and opportunities to transform climate pledges into action across issues such as carbon markets, ending commodity-driven deforestation, sustainable approaches to land use, new advances in technology for nature and more will be held at the Nature Zone Pavilion in the Blue Zone from November 6-18.