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UN Climate Negotiations 2022

The Road to Sharm el-Sheikh

© Nataliia Blazkho/Unsplash


This November, at the United Nations climate summit (COP 27) in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt, representatives from nearly 200 countries will seek to raise global ambition and accelerate national action on climate change to meet the goals of the Paris Agreement. Leading up to the summit, mid-year climate negotiations taking place in Bonn, Germany in June are an important opportunity for building momentum and preparation.

» Mid-year climate negotiations will be in Bonn, Germany from 6-16 June 2022
» UNFCCC COP 27 will be in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt from 7-18 November 2022

U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change

Learn more about this session on the UNFCCC website »

The Conference of the Parties (COP) refers to the annual meeting of the 197 parties of the 1992 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). This year’s meeting in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt is the 27th annual COP to advance the shared objective of tackling climate change.

In Bonn, Conservation International will engage with key decision makers and global stakeholders to begin implementing commitments made during the U.N. climate conference held in Glasgow, Scotland last November (COP 26) — and help set the groundwork for COP 27 and accelerated climate action by governments and the private sector.

Conservation International’s engagement focuses on elevating the role of nature-based solutions to climate change — such as protecting forests, mangroves and peatlands — to both limit global warming and help communities adapt to climate change. At the 2022 mid-year talks in Bonn, Conservation International and our partners will co-host an event on the role of blue carbon ecosystems — such as mangroves, tidal marshes and seagrasses — in addressing climate change, an essential element of work under the U.N. Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). During the event, Conservation International and partners will discuss the cross-cutting climate benefits of blue carbon ecosystems, and the opportunities to strengthen their inclusion in nationally determined contributions (NDCs), greenhouse gas inventories, and across U.N. Conventions through technical assistance, research support and financing.



Bonn: From Commitment to Action — Blue Carbon’s Role in Climate, Biodiversity and Nationally Determined Contributions

  • Time/Date: Tuesday, June 14, 6:30-8:00pm (CEST)
  • Location: Berlin meeting room, World Conference Center Bonn (Plenary Building)

Coastal ecosystems, including mangroves, seagrasses and tidal marshes, are critical to mitigating climate impacts and improving human well-being. A moderated panel of experts will discuss the benefits of blue carbon ecosystems — including climate mitigation and adaptation, biodiversity benefits, and more — and opportunities to strengthen their inclusion in global climate goals through technical assistance, research support, and financing.

Speakers: The event will feature high-level opening remarks, followed by a moderated panel. Panelists include government representatives from countries engaged in blue carbon policy and implementation efforts. They will speak to the challenges and successes they have faced in accelerating blue carbon conservation and restoration work in their countries, including the enabling factors and current gaps that parties under the UNFCCC can work to address.

For more details, please contact Jill Hamilton at



During formal negotiations of the Paris Agreement at both the mid-year talks in Bonn and the upcoming COP in Sharm el-Sheikh, Conservation International will advise countries on the need to ensure that support and incentives for accelerating nature-based climate action are delivered. Solutions that protect nature must be included in the remaining implementation guidance for international cooperative mechanisms, as well as in discussions on agriculture, adaptation and the ocean’s role in addressing climate change. We will also advise on how to capture the critical role of nature in the global process that is evaluating progress toward the Paris Agreement’s goals through 2023.

The session in Bonn also sets the stage for critical discussions on climate adaptation, justice, finance and accountability. Conservation International coordinates with partners representing diverse sectors to galvanize action on these issues — both in and outside of the negotiation rooms. Continuing these conversations throughout the year is imperative to achieving success at COP 27 in November.

Natural climate solutions, which are essential to the Paris Agreement’s goals, provide opportunities for countries to increase their climate ambition; they must be part of countries’ nationally determined contributions and complement Paris Agreement mechanisms. Harnessing the full potential of nature to mitigate climate change — and help communities adapt to its impacts — is critical to the success of the Paris Agreement.

Our approach

Conserving nature is critical to achieving the Paris Agreement’s goals. Protecting, sustainably managing and restoring natural ecosystems, such as forests and wetlands, can provide at least 30 percent of the global action needed to limit average temperature rise to 1.5 degrees Celsius (2.7 degrees Fahrenheit). Yet, nature conservation currently receives only 3 percent of global climate finance.

Nature remains among the most effective — and cost-effective — climate solutions. A recent U.N. climate report shows that three actions — reducing the destruction of forests and other ecosystems; restoring ecosystems; and improving the management of working lands, such as farms — are among the top five most effective strategies for cutting climate-warming carbon. Protecting and restoring nature is also necessary to achieve most of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), a series of 17 global goals established in 2015. Nature conservation can directly and materially improve the lives of billions of people around the world. As stewards of lands that contain almost a quarter of the world’s land-based carbon, Indigenous peoples and local communities are on the front lines of climate change. To recognize the importance of these stakeholders, Conservation International works to connect Indigenous peoples and local communities to funding, training and technology, helping to secure their land rights so that protecting nature also protects their livelihoods.

Conservation International helps countries achieve the goals of the Paris Agreement by providing policy recommendations, scientific models, tools and funding platforms for implementing natural climate solutions at scale. We envision a world where nature’s contribution to addressing climate change is maximized — meaning natural climate solutions are implemented to their fullest potential for mitigating climate change and are also fully deployed in places where ecosystems can help vulnerable populations adapt to the already-present and future effects of climate change.


© Cristina Mittermeier/sealegacy

This is an important year for countries to accelerate the implementation of their nationally determined contributions — their targets for achieving the Paris Agreement — and for the international community to provide additional technical and financial support. While some countries have taken positive steps towards increasing their ambitions to fight climate change, and there have been commitments for implementation support, more action is needed to prevent the most dangerous impacts of climate change and ensure communities can adapt to its impacts.

Our policy objectives for COP 27

Conservation International’s Policy Recommendations for the mid-year UN climate change negotiations in Bonn (SB 56) are available in English, Spanish and French.

Press contact
Jessica Brown, Director of Media Relations

See our latest news and press releases at

Conservation International works to equip decision makers with accessible, policy-relevant science to restore and protect critical ecosystems as part of global climate action.

At the UN’s mid-year climate negotiations in Bonn, Conservation International will strive to advance the role of nature in implementing the Paris Agreement by calling on countries to:

Increase efficiency of delivering climate goals and finance through cooperative mechanisms

  • At the 2021 climate summit in Glasgow, countries ratified a plan to implement international cooperative mechanisms for carbon mitigation, known as “Article 6” of the Paris Agreement. Negotiations should now focus on major outstanding issues for operationalizing Article 6 — and ensure the work program on emissions avoidance under Article 6.2 and 6.4 maintains a narrow scope in line with its mandate. Discussions on emissions avoidance must not impact areas already agreed upon by parties, as this would create an unhelpful distraction from urgent work needed to operationalize Article 6.
  • To incentivize ambitious mitigation action, market-based approaches under Articles 6.2 or 6.4 and non-market approaches under Article 6.8 should accelerate natural climate solutions with rigorous environmental and social integrity. Countries should also deliver clear pathways for non-market cooperation through nature-based mitigation and adaptation in the work program for the framework of Article 6.8.

Call to accelerate climate action in the agriculture sector

  • The Koronivia Joint Work on Agriculture (KJWA) was a landmark decision under the UNFCCC that recognized the potential of agriculture in tackling climate change. Now that KJWA’s work has concluded, countries should deliver an outcome recognizing how the KJWA has advanced agriculture discussions under the UNFCCC, clarified national needs and identified international mechanisms’ role in supporting action.
  • Countries should call on UNFCCC mechanisms to facilitate ambitious climate mitigation and adaptation in agriculture, especially through national actions that improve land management through nature-based solutions.

Ensure inclusive participation of Indigenous and local communities

  • The Local Communities and Indigenous Peoples Platform (LCIPP) enables Indigenous peoples and local communities to share their unique perspectives on climate change and build climate change policies that respect and promote their rights and interests. The LCIPP should advance the new three-year work plan to ensure full and inclusive participation of all relevant actors and regions in climate policy and action whose involvement is key to achieving agreed global goals.
  • Indigenous peoples and local communities should proactively engage in discussions on the linkages between the operationalization of Article 6 and the LCIPP’s work, such as by creating an independent grievance mechanism under Article 6.4 and defining Article 6.8 activities.

Continue building and enhancing urgent action on the ocean-climate nexus under UNFCCC mandates and national climate plans

  • Countries should use the 2022 Ocean and Climate Change Dialogue to strengthen ocean-climate action and incorporate ocean-climate issues into scientific processes under the UNFCCC
  • Countries should advance ocean-climate issues in existing agenda items to establish stronger pathways for the conservation of marine and coastal ecosystems and request that the relevant constituted bodies to the UNFCCC incorporate and act on ocean-related issues in their respective mandates.

Ensure that the “Global Stocktake” fully reflects nature’s critical role in realizing the Paris Agreement’s goals

  • The Global Stocktake is a process for assessing the world’s progress towards achieving the Paris Agreement’s goals. Countries should ensure it considers input about nature-based solutions from both party and non-party stakeholders to strengthen the ambition of nature-based national commitments and their effective implementation.

Deliver support for Ecosystem-based Adaptation through the Glasgow-Sharm el-Sheikh work program on the Global Goal on Adaptation

  • Through implementation of adaptation measures, such as Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EbA) – vulnerable communities can effectively increase their resilience to expected climate impacts.
  • Countries should ensure the work program includes a focus on advancing climate action through EbA and its role in accelerating progress toward the global goal.