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Integrating climate adaptation and biodiversity conservation in the global ocean

Derek P. Tittensor, Maria Beger, Kristina Boerder, Daniel G. Boyce, Rachel D. Cavanagh, Aurelie Cosandey-Godin, Guillermo Ortuño Crespo, Daniel C. Dunn, Wildan Ghiffary, Susie M. Grant, Lee Hannah, Patrick N. Halpin, Mike Harfoot, Susan G. Heaslip, Nicholas W. Jeffery, Naomi Kingston, Heike K. Lotze, Jennifer McGowan, Elizabeth McLeod, Chris J. McOwen, Bethan C. O’Leary, Laurenne Schiller, Ryan R. E. Stanley, Maxine Westhead, Kristen L. Wilson, Boris Worm

Science Advances, 5, eaay9969

November 27, 2019

The impacts of climate change and the socioecological challenges they present are ubiquitous and increasingly severe. Practical efforts to operationalize climate-responsive design and management in the global network of marine protected areas (MPAs) are required to ensure long-term effectiveness for safeguarding marine biodiversity and ecosystem services. Here, we review progress in integrating climate change adaptation into MPA design and management and provide eight recommendations to expedite this process. Climate-smart management objectives should become the default for all protected areas, and made into an explicit international policy target. Furthermore, incentives to use more dynamic management tools would increase the climate change responsiveness of the MPA network as a whole. Given ongoing negotiations on international conservation targets, now is the ideal time to proactively reform management of the global seascape for the dynamic climate-biodiversity reality.

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