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A qualitative systematic review of governance principles for mangrove conservation

Elizabeth J. Golebie, Miriam Aczel, Jacob J. Bukoski, Sophia Chau, Natali Ramirez‐Bullon, Mimi Gong, Noah Teller

Conservation Biology

November 29, 2021

Management of mangrove ecosystems is complex, given that mangroves are both terrestrial and marine, often cross regional or national boundaries, and are valued by local stakeholders in different ways than they are valued on national and international scales. Thus, mangrove governance has had varying levels of success, analyzed through concepts such as principles of good governance and procedural justice in decision-making. Although there is substantial research on case studies of mangrove management, global comparisons of mangrove governance are lacking. This research aims to fill this gap by comparing relationships among qualities of governance across mangrove social-ecological systems worldwide. Through a systematic literature search and screening process, we identified 65 articles that discussed mangrove governance and conservation. Case studies in these articles, drawn from 39 countries, were categorized as top-down, bottom-up, or comanaged and thematically coded to assess the influence of eight principles of good governance in mangrove conservation success. Across all three governance systems, the principles of legitimacy, fairness, and integration were most important in determining conservation success or failure. These principles are closely related to the concept of procedural justice, highlighting the importance of stakeholder inclusion throughout all stages of mangrove management. Thus, we recommend clearly defined roles for all governance actors, transparent communication of policy development to stakeholders, fairness in both process and outcome, and careful consideration of sustainable access to conservation resources.

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CITATION

Golebie, E. J., Aczel, M., Bukoski, J. J., Chau, S., Ramirez‐Bullon, N., Gong, M., & Teller, N. (2021). A qualitative systematic review of governance principles for mangrove conservation. Conservation Biology. doi:10.1111/cobi.13850