Ocean20: A New Self-Funded Marine Resource Management Framework

November 14, 2022

Initiative launched at O20 summit with up to USD $1.5 million funding commitment from Green Climate Fund to develop Blue Halo S initiative that will raise over USD $300 million in blended financing scheme

BALI, Indonesia (November 14, 2022) – The Government of Indonesia, with the support of Green Climate Fund, Conservation International, and Konservasi Indonesia, announced a new model for ocean conservation and fisheries management in Indonesia. The model, called Blue Halo S Initiative, is the first ever integrated marine protection and sustainable fishery management approach designed to fund itself over time.

The Blue Halo S was introduced at the Tri Hita Karana Forum, the pre-eminent sustainability G20 side event and the Ocean 20 conference, an ocean-focused meeting of the G20 Leaders’ Summit being held this week in Bali, Indonesia. The initiative aims to mobilise USD $30 million in catalytic and commercial capital to support SDG-linked projects. 

Present during the launch were Luhut Binsar Pandjaitan, Coordinating Minister for Maritime and Investment Affairs, Sakti Wahyu Trenggono, Minister of Marine Affairs and Fisheries, German Velasquez, Director of Division of Mitigation and Adaptation, Green Climate Fund, M. Sanjayan, Chief Executive Officer, Conservation International and Meizani Irmadhiany, Senior Vice President & Executive Chair, Konservasi Indonesia.

“Indonesia is fully committed to leading on climate change through integrated ecosystem protection and fishery production. Blue Halo S supports a resilient ocean economy in Indonesia by better aligning ecological and economic incentives,” Luhut expressed on the Blue Halo S model.

Blue Halo S integrates two elements of marine management often seen as being at odds: environmental protection and economic production. Under the Blue Halo S initiative, the economic benefits of sustainable marine resources development are reinvested in environmental protection, which in turn bolsters the natural resources which supporting commercial production. This “protection-production” framework is the foundation for the Blue Halo S approach.

Trenggono described, “Our marine protected areas, as restricted conservation areas, provide important environmental and ecological services. Well-managed conservation areas improve ocean health and create economic opportunities for local communities.”

 “There is a critical need to conserve ocean ecosystems and biodiversity while building a thriving and more sustainable livelihood opportunities for local communities. Blue Halo S approach serves as a blueprint for enabling these things to thrive together,” said M. Sanjayan, Chief Executive Officer, Conservation International. 

The Blue Halo S is supported through a blended finance approach, which seeks to mobilize strategic public and philanthropic funding to catalyze private investment in ocean conservation and sustainable development. Indonesia’s Coordinating Ministry of Maritime and Investment Affairs and Ministry of Marine and Fisheries will lead the implementation of the blended finance model for Blue Halo S, overseeing activities across policy, and innovative finance.

Green Climate Fund (GCF) today announced the approval of Project Preparation Facility (PPF), in the amount of almost USD 1.5 million, that will prepare the groundwork for the preparation of the Blue Halo S work in Indonesia. The preparation of this GCF funding proposal will be coordinated by Conservation International which will contribute ~USD 350,000 to co-finance the project preparation. Blue Halo S aims to raise over USD 300 million from GCF and other sources for a blended financing scheme, consisting of a grant facility for Blue Ecosystem Adaptation Mechanism (BEAM) and a Blue Bond, to be developed together with the Government of Indonesia.

“This highly innovative initiative will serve as a model for sustainable ocean conservation and fisheries management.  It is an example of what can be achieved by working in partnership and clearly shows the halo effect – that environmental protection and economic production need not be mutually exclusive,” said Yannick Glemarec, Executive Director of the Green Climate Fund.

The Blue Halo S management approach will be piloted in the Fishery Management Area 572 located in the western part of Sumatra. Pilot activities include investments in protection and rehabilitation of blue carbon ecosystems, support for marine protected area expansion and management, sustainable fisheries management, and inclusive blue economy development all of which are expected to contribute toward enhanced climate mitigation, adaptation, and resilience in Indonesia.

“Indonesia has long been a leader in ocean protection, so we are glad to see the BLUE HALO S framework being piloted here,” said Meizani. “The model is very scalable and replicable, so we’re optimistic that it could be adapted for marine ecosystems in other regions of the world in the future, too.” 


About Conservation International: Conservation International protects nature for the benefit of humanity. Through science, policy, fieldwork and finance, we spotlight and secure the most important places in nature for the climate, for biodiversity and for people. With offices in 30 countries and projects in more than 100 countries, Conservation International partners with governments, companies, civil society, Indigenous peoples and local communities to help people and nature thrive together. Go to Conservation.org for more, and follow our work on Conservation News, Facebook, Twitter, TikTok, Instagram and YouTube.

About Konservasi Indonesia: Konservasi Indonesia is a national foundation that aims to support the sustainable development and protection of critical ecosystems in Indonesia. We believe in the importance of multi-stakeholder partnerships across sectors and jurisdictions. Working in partnership with the government and others, we design and deliver innovative nature-based solutions to climate change, using a sustainable landscapes-seascapes approach to create lasting impacts for people and nature.

About Green Climate Fund: The Green Climate Fund (GCF) is the world’s largest dedicated climate fund. GCF’s mandate is to foster a paradigm shift towards low emission, climate-resilient development pathways in developing countries. GCF has a portfolio of USD 11.3 billion (USD 42.4 billion including co-financing) delivering transformative climate action in more than 120 countries. It also has a readiness support programme that builds capacity and helps countries develop long-term plans to fight climate change. GCF is an operating entity of the financial mechanism of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and serves the 2015 Paris Agreement, supporting the goal of keeping average global temperature rise well below 2°C.

About Tri Hita Karana Forum 2022: The third Tri Hita Karana Forum on Sustainable Development with the theme “Future Knowledge and Blended Finance for Better Business and Better World” is held under the auspices of the President of Indonesia around the G20 Leaders’ Summit in Bali this November. The two-part Forum comprises the Tri Hita Karana Blended Finance Forum on 13-14 November, and the Tri Hita Karana Future Knowledge Summit on 17-18 November. As the pre-eminent sustainability G20 side event, the Tri Hita Karana Forum works to foster collaboration across the global investment community with investors, donors, project developers and thought leaders to accelerate this leadership agenda. The Tri Hita Karana Blended Finance Forum aims to mobilise $30 billion in catalytic and commercial capital to support SDG-linked projects in just energy transition, natural capital (including Blue Halo S), intact forest conservation, regenerative food and land use, health of nations fund and global health architecture, MSMEs, sustainable tourism, green, resilient and inclusive digital cities and many more, including facilitating the Global Blended Finance Alliance.