A sea lion in the Galápagos islands, Ecuador.
© CI/Photo by Rod Mast
The Atlantic Forest of tropical South America boasts 20,000 plant species, 40 percent of which are endemic.
The Cerrado region of Brazil, comprising 21 percent of the country, is the most extensive woodland-savanna in South America.
CHILEAN WINTER RAINFALL-VALDIVIAN FOREST
A virtual continental island bounded by the Pacific Ocean, the Andes Mountains, and the Atacama Desert, the Chilean Winter Rainfall-Valdivian Forests harbors richly endemic flora and fauna.
The richest and most diverse region on Earth, the Tropical Andes region contains about 5 percent of all vascular plant species in less than 1 percent of the world’s land area.
Tumbes-Chocó-Magdalena is bordered by two other hotspots: Mesoamerica to the north, and the Tropical Andes to the east.