The Status and Distribution of Freshwater Biodiversity in Central Africa

A study on 'The Status and Distribution of Freshwater Biodiversity in Central Africa' was published by IUCN on March 24, 2011. This report was created with input from Conservation International's Freshwater team, including Ian Harrison from CI's Science and Knowledge Division, and can be downloaded from the IUCN Freshwater Biodiversity Unit webpage.

DOWNLOAD: The Status and Distribution of Freshwater Biodiversity in Central Africa (PDF - 6.6 MB)


The report shows:

  • The inland waters of central Africa support an exceptionally high diversity of aquatic species, with high levels of endemism. Many of these species provide direct (e.g. fisheries) or indirect (e.g. water purification) benefits to people. The conservation of these species is most important to the livelihoods and economies of the regions' people.

  • More than 15 percent of species across the region are currently threatened and future levels of threat are expected to rise significantly due to increasing development throughout the region, and an associated higher demand for natural resources.

  • Data on the distribution, conservation status, and ecology of 1,207 species of fish, 166 molluscs, 458 odonates, 38 crabs and 392 selected aquatic plants are now freely available through this project and the IUCN Red List website.

  • The data made available through this assessment must be integrated within the decision-making processes in planning for the conservation and development of inland water resources.

  • Species information is limited for many species within the region. Regions in the Democratic Republic of Congo in particular are identified as a priority for future surveys.

Central Africa IUCN   Fresh Water