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EditPhoto Title:Nature Helps People Adapt to Climate Change
EditPhoto Description:Improving livelihoods and conserving biodiversity through ecosystem-based adaptation in marine, terrestrial and coastal regions of Brazil, the Philippines and South Africa
EditImage Url:/SiteCollectionImages/ci_45949316.JPG
EditImage Description:Measuring the growth of a newly planted mangrove in a reforestation project in the Philippines. © Nandini Narayanan
EditPhoto Credit:© Nandini Narayanan
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Climate change is one of the greatest challenges of our time. We have to act quickly to help people adapt now.

Ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA) is "the use of biodiversity and ecosystem services as part of an overall adaptation strategy to help people to adapt to the adverse effects of climate change."

Through our work, we aim to reduce the vulnerability of local communities by assessing the potential for EbA solutions in the Philippines, South Africa and Brazil; implementing pilot EbA solutions; providing capacity building; and linking lessons learned to local, national and international climate adaptation planning and policy.


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Edit Item Title:Conduct vulnerability assessments
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Edit Item Text:Vulnerability assessments are a key element of a successful climate change adaptation strategy. They identify the likely impacts of climate change and the consequences of those impacts on human populations, ecosystems and ecosystem services — such as fresh water, coastal protection and crop pollination. These assessments guide us in the identification of appropriate EbA actions needed to address those impacts.
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Edit Item Title:Implement ecosystem-based adaptation interventions and assess their results
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Edit Item Text:Conservation International implemented two pilot EbA projects each in the Philippines, South Africa and Brazil. These projects were selected based on the results of the vulnerability assessments and partnerships between key players on the ground. Through those interventions, the cost, effectiveness and co-benefits of EbA actions can be assessed.
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Edit Item Title:Contribute to local, national and international policy adaptation efforts
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Edit Item Text:Vulnerability assessments provide details that can help shape national policies on climate change adaptation. Likewise, results of the pilot projects in terms of their costs, effectiveness and co-benefits inform national policy on the feasibility of EbA actions compared to more traditional adaptation activities. Through engagement with international policy fora, lessons from the project are also informing global dialogue.
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EditImage:/SiteCollectionImages/ci_78268740.jpg
EditImage Alt Text:Aerial view of Rio de Janeiro.
EditTitle:By the numbers
EditSubtitle:6 ecosystem-based adaptation interventions
EditText:We have implemented six ecosystem-based adaptation interventions, reaching fishing, farming and urban communities in three regions.
EditPhoto Credit:© Jeff Gale
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    EditSection title:EbA projects in Brazil
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      Edit Item Title:Increase the resilience of coral reefs to promote coastal protection in south of Bahia.
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      Edit Item Text:Specific plans for protecting the coastal reefs of south of Bahia and for the protection of the parrot fish — a species that keeps algae from overgrowing and damaging the reef — will be developed to increase the resilience of coral reefs to climate change. Those two plans will be included in the national plan of action for the Brazilian coral reefs.
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      Edit Item Title:Include climate change adaptation into the municipal plan of conservation and restoration of the Atlantic Forest in Porto Seguro.
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      Edit Item Text:The Brazilian government encourages municipalities to develop a municipal plan of conservation and restoration of the Atlantic Forest — but until recently, none of the plans had taken climate change impacts into consideration. The plan developed in Porto Seguro is the first of its kind to address climate change and to recommend EbA actions. The goal is to establish guidelines and priorities for projects and public policies in the region regarding the issue of climate change adaptation.
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      EditSection title:EbA projects in the Philippines
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        Edit Item Title:Restore and protect mangroves to secure the coastline and increase coastal resilience to storm surges, flooding and erosion.
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        Edit Item Text:This project has been implemented in Barangay Silonay in Calapan City. The Silonay Mangrove Conservation and Ecotourism Project is implemented by the Sama-Samang Nagkakaisang Pamayanan ng Silonay (SNPS), a local community organization supported by Conservation International. This project has been enforced through the execution of a conservation agreement between SNPS and CI for the conservation and protection of a 42-hectare mangrove marine protected area in Silonay. SNPS is working to diversify income from mangrove conservation and planting to micro-enterprise projects ranging from ecotourism to sale of souvenirs. CI and our partners have prepared a tourism master plan, which includes a mangrove boardwalk where visitors can experience the vast expanse of the mangrove forest.
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        Edit Item Title:Improve fishing practices and design and implement climate-smart marine protected areas.
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        Edit Item Text:A vulnerability assessment demonstrated that the Verde Island Passage experiences a regular upwelling phenomenon, which makes it possible for the fish population to thrive on the abundance of food. With climate change, the upwelling is threatened by higher sea surface temperature and more frequent and intense weather conditions. Climate change, combined with unsustainable fishing practices, within the Verde Island Passage augments problems for the fishing communities. A seasonal closure adopted for a limited period within an annual cycle is a fishery management option that will regulate catch and help boost diminishing fish stocks.
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        EditSection title:EbA projects in South Africa
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          Edit Item Title:Rehabilitate wetland and improve management of rangelands in the Leliefontein area, Kamiesberg, to cope with the negative impacts of climate change on water resources.
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          Edit Item Text:Wetland rehabilitation involves removing non-native vegetation, filling erosion areas, measuring sedimentation, building structures to restore the water table, and revegetating areas to increase ground cover and species diversity. Improving land management increases the area’s resilience to climate change. Through this project, we are working with private and communal sheep and goat farmers to reduce land degradation, thereby increasing the resilience of the natural resources that they depend on for their livelihoods. We also focus on raising awareness about climate change and increasing the capacity of farmers to manage their land and implement more climate-resilient practices.
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          Edit Item Title:Restore and improve land management in Steinkopf area, Nama Khoi, to cope with the negative impacts of climate change on water resources.
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          Edit Item Text:Ecosystem-based adaptation activities in the area focus on building capacity and improving land management among the farmers. The focus in Steinkopf is on grazing regimes. Several studies are planned, including an aerial survey of the donkey population to estimate their impact, and a grazing trial that will examine the relationships between stocking rates, rotational grazing, grassland conditions and animal health.
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          Edit Section Heading:Fishermen in the Philippines are facing a crisis as climate change leads to dwindling fish stocks
          Edit Image URL: /publications/PublishingImages/EbA-video-thumbnail-DeutscheTV-fishermen.jpg
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          Edit Text: A short video was produced by Deutsche TV under the Global Ideas Program and showcases some of the highlights and accomplishments of this project in the Philippines.
          Edit Link for Header and Image:http://www.dw.de/fishing-industry-grapples-with-change/a-17096036[Optional]
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          Edit Section Heading:Ocean protection and climate change
          Edit Image URL: /publications/PublishingImages/EbA-video-thumbnail-Globo-Ecologia-ocean-and-climate.jpg
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          Edit Text: A whole episode of the show Globo Ecologia, produced by the largest commercial TV network in Brazil, Globo, addressed how the protection of coastal and marine ecosystems, and the parrot fish, can help us minimize the negative effects of climate change.
          Edit Link for Header and Image:http://redeglobo.globo.com/globoecologia/videos/t/edicoes/v/globo-ecologia-25052013-preservacao-dos-oceanos-integra/2591441/[Optional]
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          EditTags{"CITopics":{"Ecosystem-based Adaptation":true}}
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            Edit Item Title:Project Lead
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            Edit Item Text:Daniela Raik
            Vice President – Field Program Management
            Conservation International
            2011 Crystal Drive, Suite 500
            Arlington, VA 22202, USA
            draik@conservation.org
            +1703 341 2400
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            Edit Item Title:Project Coordinators
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            Edit Item Text:Renata Pereira
            Ecosystem Services Coordinator – Marine Program
            Conservação Internacional do Brasil
            Rua das Palmeiras, 451 Centro
            rpereira@conservation.org
            +55 73 3297 1499
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            Edit Item Text:Maria Josella "Jocel" Pangilinan
            Project Manager
            Philippines Field Program
            #6 Maalalahanin Street, Teachers' Village, Diliman
            1101 Quezon City, Philippines
            mpangilinan@conservation.org
            +63 92 850 79223
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            Edit Item Text:Amanda Bourne
            Deputy Manager – Namakwa Green Economy Demonstration
            Conservation South Africa
            P.O. Box 1086, Springbok
            8240, South Africa
            abourne@conservation.org
            +27 718 1565
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            This project is part of the International Climate Initiative (ICI). The German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) supports these initiatives on the basis of a decision adopted by the German Bundestag.
            The German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (logo)

            More of Our Work Links

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            First Image

            EditTitle:Climate
            EditImage:/SiteCollectionImages/ci_30785027.jpg
            EditLink:/what/Pages/Climate.aspx
            EditImage Alt Text:Night falls over Rio de Janeiro. © Nikada

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            EditTitle:Science and Innovation
            EditImage:/SiteCollectionImages/ci_80568511.tif
            EditLink:/how/pages/science-and-innovation.aspx
            EditImage Alt Text:Scientists set a camera trap.
            © Benjamin Drummond

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            EditTitle:The Ocean
            EditImage:/SiteCollectionImages/ci_16084886.jpg
            EditLink:/what/Pages/oceans.aspx
            EditImage Alt Text:Coral reef in Viti Levu, Fiji, Oceania. © William Crosse