A combination of research, implementation and outreach activities in Costa Rica, Guatemala and Honduras are being developed as part of the CASCADE project. Those activities will help us achieve the following outputs:
- Better understanding of the climate change impacts and the vulnerability of ecosystem services, agricultural production and livelihoods
- Identification of strategies used by smallholder farmers to adapt to climate variability
- Better understanding of the effectiveness of EbA strategies, with emphasis on pests and disease control
- Development of training materials on EbA approaches and on its application to smallholder farming communities
- Improvement in the capacity of relevant institutions to promote greater use of EbA strategies
- Political and economic analysis to help promote EbA strategies
- Dissemination of project results to a wide set of stakeholders and decision-makers at various levels
The project is organized in seven workpackages:
Workpackage 1: Research on climate change impacts.
Goals: to understand the vulnerability of Central American ecosystems and smallholder farmers (both subsistence and coffee) to climate change, taking into account the interests and needs of key stakeholders and to select the smallholder farming communities where the household surveys will take place
Workpackage 2: Vulnerability assessment.
Goal: to identify which smallholder (both subsistence and coffee) farming communities, ecosystems and ecosystem services in the target countries are most vulnerable to climate change
Workpackage 3: Ecosystem-based adaptation identification.
Goal: to document household livelihood strategies used to cope with past climatic variability and local knowledge about expected impacts of climate change across a range of different smallholder communities, at both household and community levels;
Workpackage 4: Ecosystem based adaptation evaluation.
Goal: to test the effectiveness of existing on-farm activities that are relevant for EbA in a subset of communities by collecting detailed information on the characteristics, management, and implementation of those activities, and their performance in the face of climate change.
Workpackage 5: Institutional Analysis.
Goal: To identify the local and national institutions (both formal and informal) that could promote EbA approaches among vulnerable smallholder farming communities (both subsistence and coffee-producing) and define strategies for strengthening these institutions role in promoting EbA and smallholder resilience to climate change;
Workpackage 6: Capacity Building for Ecosystem based adaptation extension.
Goal: To strengthen capacity of key organizations and institutions to support implementation of Ecosystem-based adaptation approaches with smallholder farming communities (at both household and community levels) by developing and delivering targeted training courses and extension materials.
Workpackage 7: Multiplication and amplification.
Goal: to promote the incorporation of EbA approaches in national and regional adaptation strategies and other relevant policies through dissemination of project results to a wide set of stakeholders and decision-makers (e.g., government, civil society, academic) at national, regional and international levels.