Nigeria, DRC, Cameroon, Uganda, Tanzania, Benin, Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Gambia, Togo, Senegal, Mali, Liberia, and Guinea
Inhabit lowland tropical rainforest, montane tropical rainforest, tropical-savannah woodland, primary and secondary, dry woodland savanna and grassland.
- Head and Body length: 816 mm (737-959 mm)
- Weight: male – 40-60 kg; female – 32-47 kg
Coats are black, face is naked with a distinct brow, often have a short white beard, infants possess a white tail tuft and have a pink to brown face that usually darkens with age.
Primarily eat fruit, but supplement diet with leaves, flowers, seeds, mammals, birds, and insects.
Highly intelligent, often use natural objects as tools, extremely social, live in groups of 30 to 80 animals, vocalizations and social grooming are characteristics of the communities, males have a stable dominance hierarchy and are dominant over females, travel primarily on ground but feed in trees, males permanent members of communities while females emigrate to other groups.
Habitat loss from logging and agriculture, illegal collection for food consumption and biomedical research.
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