The Sulu Sulawesi Seascape is one of the world’s most diverse and productive ecosystems. The Seascape is home to coral reefs, seagrass meadows and mangrove forests, which in turn support fishes, sea turtles, dolphins, whales, sharks, rays, and other lesser-known but equally important marine flora and fauna. Widely regarded as the center of the world’s highest concentrations of marine biodiversity, the Sulu-Sulawesi Seascape is located in the Coral Triangle, between Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines.
Close to 40 million people rely upon the Seascape for their health and wellbeing. Major economic activities, such as agriculture, fishing, aquaculture, tourism and mining, put pressure on the Seascape’s fragile marine ecosystems. Ocean currents interconnect species and ecosystems. Migratory species of marine mammals, tuna, seabirds and sea turtles move between the Philippines, Indonesia and Malaysia to reach crucial habitats. Disruptions to these creatures’ life cycles, and the natural processes that sustain them, create ecological imbalances that also affect the resources and processes on which humans heavily depend. The uniqueness of the region and the numerous threats thus require innovative strategic management approaches, particularly through the development of marine conservation networks based on scientific understanding of the ecosystem processes.
Currently, the Seascape Initiative covers four marine biodiversity conservation corridors: