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EditPhoto Title:Biodiversity Negotiations 2016
EditPhoto Description:Cancun, Mexico, December 4-17, 2016
EditImage Description:Sun shining through the trees in the Water Forest
EditPhoto Credit: © Jessica Scranton
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The conservation of biodiversity is inextricably linked to the goals of sustainable development, addressing climate change and combating desertification.
In 2010, Parties to the CBD adopted the
Aichi Biodiversity Targets, a comprehensive set of goals to protect biodiversity by 2020. Negotiations at the 13th meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD COP 13) will focus on mainstreaming biodiversity into other sectors as a way of ensuring full achievement of the Aichi Targets. Additionally, with the recent formulation of the Post-2015 Development Agenda (including the Sustainable Development Goals) and the Paris Climate Agreement, these negotiations will focus on how common aims can help achieve these goals across sectors.
CI’s policy stance at COP 13
CI calls on countries to:
Take prompt and ambitious action in meeting the Aichi Targets, especially through mainstreaming efforts.
Recent milestones in sustainable development — including the Paris Agreement and the Post-2015 Development Agenda — demonstrate political will for increased action, and it is crucial that the CBD align and integrate its work with these processes to strengthen considerations of the role of nature in all sectors.
Maintain and restore ecological infrastructure to combat climate change
Ecosystems provide significant contributions to climate mitigation and adaptation, including disaster risk reduction. Maintaining ecological infrastructure such as as wetlands systems, riverine buffers and coastal defenses (such as mangroves and dunes) provide natural defenses against climate change and support the resilience of communities and livelihood development in the process.
Invest in protected areas planning and management
The window for establishing new protected areas is coming to a close throughout the tropical world due to accelerating habitat conversion. This closing window affects the ability to conserve all biodiversity, to protect biodiversity in the face of climate change, and to reduce greenhouse gas emissions through REDD+. Investment in protected areas planning and management is needed to counter the effects of climate change and habitat degradation on existing protected areas.
Take concrete action on funding commitments and verification systems
Sufficient, sustainable and accessible flows of finance are crucial for developing, implementing and maintaining strategic conservation activities, including activities that yield important co-benefits for human well-being. In particular, processes for sharing national methodological guidance are necessary to improve transparency and enable replicability for biodiversity finance.
Align biodiversity action with other international efforts through mainstreaming
Mainstreaming is necessary to ensure that the value of biodiversity is integrated and internalized across economic sectors, from agriculture and fisheries to poverty reduction and sustainable development. Mainstreaming must support the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which recognize the close connections between environment and development by bringing environmental, social and economic objectives together in an agreed and integrated global framework.