The MMAS Program is committed to making science accessible and useful to decision-makers responsible for ocean and coastal management. In all MMAS activities, we use a Science-to-Action (S2A) approach. Our scientific insights are shared informally through continuing interaction with target audiences and formally through one-on-one discussions with key decision makers; workshops and meetings of stakeholders, such as fishermen cooperative meetings and community workshops; and more public forums such as radio broadcasts. To facilitate these discussions, we produce S2A materials, such as the booklets, posters, white papers, and videos described below. S2A materials draw from the peer-reviewed articles of the MMAS Program.
||Living With the Sea (PDF - 24.1MB) |
Les Kaufman and John Tschirky
Living with the Sea examines the role of MMAs in restoring and sustaining healthy oceans, particularly the importance of local management efforts.
||Marine Managed Areas: What, why, where (PDF - 22.1MB) |
Michael Orbach and Leah Bunce Karrer
Marine Managed Areas: What, Why, and Where defines MMAs and discusses the challenges of implementation.
||People and Oceans (PDF - 11.5MB) |
Giselle Samonte, Leah Bunce Karrer, and Michael Orbach
People and Oceans examines the role of people in MMAs, including the human well-being benefits and challenges of MMAs, and how socioeconomic conditions affect success.
Economic Values of Coral Reefs, Mangroves, and Seagrasses: A Global Compilation (PDF - 7.82 KB)
Conservation International. 2008. Economic Values of Coral Reefs, Mangroves, and Seagrasses: A Global Compilation. Arlington, VA: Center for Applied Biodiversity Science, Conservation International.
Tropical marine and coral reef ecosystems, including mangroves and seagrasses, are vulnerable environmental resources that provide significant economic goods and services and contribute to the livelihoods, food security, and safety of millions of people around the world. The health of these resources is critical to human well-being. By accounting for coastal marine and coral reef ecosystem values in management decisions, we can sustain their flow of goods and services in the interest of current and future generations. Toward this effort, Conservation International's Marine Management Area Science Program produced this booklet in cooperation with the Ocean Foundation's Coastal Ocean Values Center, the World Resources Institute, and the United States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). The booklet compiles the results of a wide variety of economic valuation studies on coral reef and related ecosystems around the world. This publication has been used by World Bank staff, Asian Development Bank staff, and a U.S. Congresswoman to demonstrate the importance of increasing conservation efforts for coral reefs.
Socioeconomic Conditions Along the World's Tropical Coasts
Loper, C. et al. 2008. Socioeconomic Conditions Along the World's Tropical Coasts: 2008. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Washington, DC, USA. 52 pp.
The world's tropical coasts are home to over two billion people, many of whom live in poverty and depend on coastal resources such as coral reef fish for their livelihood, sustenance, and cultural traditions. This report synthesizes data from individual socioeconomic assessments to quantify and qualify regional and global dependence on coral reef resources, perceptions of resource conditions, threats to marine and coastal resources, and support for marine management strategies such as marine protected areas. Data are included from 49 studies, representing close to 14,000 household surveys conducted in hundreds of communities in 27 countries. This information provides evidence of the need to conserve global coral reef resources to ensure food security and contribute to poverty alleviation.
Marine Integrated Decision-Analysis System (MIDAS)
Managers and decision makers working in coastal and marine environments need practical model-based decision tools. MIDAS is a spatial decision-support system designed to support the process of decision-making for managers of marine management areas (MMAs) and policy makers. This tool enables users to understand the critical determining factors for the success of an MMA, so that they can plan accordingly. The tool is designed to estimate the likely outcomes of MMAs based on ecological, socioeconomic, and governance conditions. Users can input information about their MMAs and quickly visualize the likely outcomes, including a map of the spatial distribution of risk. For more information, contact Suchi Gopal.
Stories of Today from the Reef
Nai Talanoa Ni Kua Mai Na Noda Veicakau (Stories of Today from the Reef). DVD. Created by Steve Palumbi and Garthwait & Griffin Films.
In the early 1990s, the size and numbers of fish on Fijian reefs were declining. In response, Fijians began to use traditional customs to create a series of marine protected areas. These protected areas can improve fishing in the waters surrounding the reef. Intended to communicate important scientific concepts to non-scientists, this DVD contains two- to four-minute videos exploring coral reef ecology and marine management areas in Fiji.
Fiji's Coral Fish Discovery; Reef Connectivity in Fiji
MMAS research found that Fiji's fish are distinct from others of the same species living elsewhere in the South Pacific. The research showed the importance of protecting Fiji's fish from excessive harvests and other threats because they have unique genetic characteristics and their populations are not sustained by arrival of young fish from elsewhere. To communicate these findings to people throughout Fiji, the MMAS Program created two visually attractive posters with graphics depicting the key scientific messages. After hearing the findings, leaders of a Fijian village decided to create a marine management area in their local waters.
Lessons on Connectivity and Conservation in Coral Reef Habitats (PDF - 168 KB)
Drew, J. 2008. Lessons on Connectivity and Conservation in Coral Reef Habitats: A Summary from the 11th International Coral Reef Symposium. Arlington, VA: Center for Applied Biodiversity Science, Conservational International. 4 pp.
Managers frequently struggle with finding the most cost-effective strategies for managing coral reefs and associated habitats. Traditionally, there has been a focus on the identification, categorization, and protection of critical areas and natural events such as barrier reefs, mangrove habitat of juvenile fish and invertebrates, and fish spawning aggregations. Understanding the physical and biological interactions and connections among these areas enables managers to be more effective in prioritizing critical areas for protection. To better understand how areas associated around coral reefs are connected, more than 200 scientists presented their insights during a special session on reef connectivity at the 11th International Coral Reef Symposium (ICRS) in Florida, July 2008. This document brings together and summarizes key findings.