Colombia joins Spain, France, the United States and Japan in endorsing a treaty to protect tuna in the Eastern Pacific Ocean
Bogotá, Colombia – A landmark decision that gives hope for
the future of the tuna stocks in the Eastern Pacific has been reached after the
Colombian government agreed to support an annual ban.
Colombia’s decision means that tuna fishing along the entire pacific coast of
Latin America will be banned by all nations for approximately two months per
year to help protect the world’s tuna stocks.
The ban will see tuna fishing in the Eastern Pacific banned for 59 days in
2009, 62 days in 2010 and 73 days in 2011. It is part of a series of measures
introduced by the Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission (IATTC) to avoid the
catastrophic collapse of valuable stocks of yellowfin (Thunnus
albacares), bigeye (Thunnus obesus) and skipjack (Katsuwonus
Colombia was the last of the 16 nations that make up the IATTC to endorse the
measures proposed at the meeting of the Commission in June. The group is made up
of 10 Latin American nations and USA, Japan, Spain, South Korea, France and
Studies carried out by the IATTC showed a rapid deterioration of tuna
populations in the Eastern Pacific Ocean (EPO) – particularly bigeye – and data
from the U.N Food and Agriculture Organization states that yellowfin tuna has
been “fully exploited” in the Atlantic and the Pacific Oceans, meaning that
stocks seriously depleted.
Fabio Arjona from CI-Colombia said: “This agreement is a major step toward
the creation of sustainable tuna fisheries in the pacific. Thousands of
Colombians rely on this industry, and this plan shows foresight which should
ensure Colombian tuna has a future. It also sends a message to the world that
Colombia can be a sound trading partner.”
In 2007, Colombia exported over 61 million dollars worth of tuna – 37% of
its total fish exports – to the United States, Ecuador, Panama and Japan, among
Now with the endorsement of the tuna conservation program, Colombia
strengthens its position on the marketplace and trade agreements negotiations
with the European Union and the United States showing the will to put systems in
place to ensure a more sustainable use of the tuna fisheries.
It also means that Colombia will be better able to demonstrate compliance
when the U.S government requires good environmental practices in fisheries.
Fabio Arjona from CI-Colombia added: “The program for conservation of Tuna in
the EPO is a great step in the right direction, but it can only be truly
effective if other tuna fisheries adopt the same approach. “We now need to urge
the Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission (WCPFC) to adopt
conservation measures for the tuna stocks in that region, and in particular, the
shared stocks of migratory tuna in the Pacific Ocean.”