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EditPhoto Title:Protecting the ocean
EditPhoto Description:Humans rely on a diversity and abundance of marine life. We must conserve it.
EditImage Url:/sitecollectionimages/ci_72831126.jpg
EditImage Description:Aerial view, Belo-sur-Mer
EditPhoto Credit: © Olivier Langrand
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Billions of people depend on the ocean for their food and livelihoods. The marine life that provide it — whether it’s fish to eat or whales that fuel tourism economies — must be managed carefully and sustainably.

To effectively conserve marine ecosystems — and provide benefits to the people who depend on them — Conservation International (CI) has led the creation of marine protected areas (MPAs) around the world. From village-level to country-level, MPAs have a proven track record of success. CI builds on this success with its pioneering Seascape approach, which builds partnerships among local decision-makers to sustainably manage large, multiple-use ocean areas.

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    EditItem Title:What is a marine protected area (MPA)?
    EditItem Link:[Optional]
    EditItem Text:A marine protected area is an internationally recognized area of ocean (or of land and ocean combined) where human activities such as tourism, development and fishing are managed to ensure sustainability.
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    EditItem Title:What is a Seascape?
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    EditItem Text:Conservation International defines a Seascape as a large, multiple-use marine area where governments, businesses, communities and other stakeholders work together to conserve marine ecosystems and to promote human well-being.
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    Section Info

    EditSection TitleProtecting oceans, by the numbers
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    EditCircle color:fact--blue    
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    EditResult value:13 million
    EditResult field:square miles
    EditText:Nearly 4% of the total ocean is considered “protected” by MPAs. CI has helped to create or directly support more than 20% of this area.

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    EditCircle icon:icon-multiple_islands
    EditResult value:9,600
    EditResult field:total number of MPAs
    EditText:In these MPAs, all human activities — from large-scale shipping to small-scale fishing — are regulated.

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    EditCircle color:fact--blue    
    EditCircle icon:icon-fish
    EditResult value:90%
    EditResult field:drop in illegal fishing
    EditText:CI’s work in Indonesia’s Bird’s Head Seascape has led to a 90% decrease in illegal fishing and a 30% increase in tourism.
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    ​​​​​Images Slideshow Carousel (half page)

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    EditCarousel Title:9 essential elements of a functional seascape
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    EditImage:/sitecollectionimages/ci_91302612.jpg
    EditImage Alt Text:Cano Island, Costa Rica
    EditCaption Title:What is the Seascape approach?
    EditCaption Description:The Seascape approach merges community-based conservation with well-defined end goals known as the “Nine Essential Elements of a Functional Seascape,” which seek to:
    EditPhoto Credit: © Conservation International/photo by Jason Philibotte
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    EditImage URL:/SiteCollectionImages/ci_10565734.jpg
    EditImage Alt Text:Phoenix Islands Protected Area. © Cat Holloway
    EditCaption Title:1. Create enabling conditions through legal frameworks
    EditCaption Description:Seascapes generate an enabling framework of laws, conventions, regulations and policies that facilitate marine conservation at local, national and regional scales.
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    EditImage URL:/SiteCollectionImages/ci_10586173.jpg
    EditImage Alt Text:Raja Ampat, Papua, Indonesia. © CI/Photo by Sterling Zumbrunn
    EditCaption Title:2. Create enabling conditions through adequate institutions
    EditCaption Description:Seascapes build adequate institutional frameworks and capacity, including personnel, infrastructure, and equipment, to make marine governance structures (governmental, commercial and civil) work effectively and efficiently.
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    EditImage URL:/SiteCollectionImages/ci_10905642.jpg
    EditImage Alt Text:Kayangel Atoll © Kevin Davidson
    EditCaption Title:3. Create enabling conditions through social and political support
    EditCaption Description:Seascapes increase the social and political viability of marine conservation as an integral part of sustainable development, and they build broad support at all scales, from stakeholders in local marine managed areas to natural leaders.
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    EditImage URL:/SiteCollectionImages/ci_20556018.jpg
    EditImage Alt Text:Scuba diving in the Phoenix Islands Protected Area (PIPA). © Cat Holloway
    EditCaption Title:4. Build effective management through private sector engagement
    EditCaption Description:Seascapes promote convergence between conservation and development by linking the viability and profitability of major economic activities with sustainable management of the ecosystem.
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    EditImage URL:/SiteCollectionImages/ci_13141220.jpg
    EditImage Alt Text:Phoenix Islands Protected Area. © Keith Ellenbogen
    EditCaption Title:5. Build effective management through ecosystem-based management
    EditCaption Description:Seascapes advance large-scale management of marine ecosystems and species through the use of multidisciplinary scientific information to inform effective planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation.
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    EditImage URL:/SiteCollectionImages/ci_17997358.jpg
    EditImage Alt Text:Bluefin tuna in net. © Gary Stokes
    EditCaption Title:6. Build effective management through sustainable financing and market mechanisms
    EditCaption Description:Seascapes strive to be financially sustainable, with funding portfolios that are stable, diverse, and large enough to implement all priority marine conservation activities.
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    EditImage URL:/SiteCollectionImages/ci_43152739.jpg
    EditImage Alt Text:Abrolhos National Park, Bahia, Brazil. © Luciano Candisani/iLCP
    EditCaption Title:7. Generate outcomes through maintenance and restoration of priority habitats and ecosystems
    EditCaption Description:Seascapes maintain or restore critical habitats and ecosystems so that ecological processes and ecosystem services are sustained.
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    EditImage URL:/SiteCollectionImages/ci_14089026.jpg
    EditImage Alt Text:Sea turtle in the Phoenix Islands Protected Area. © Cat Holloway
    EditCaption Title:8. Generate outcomes through threatened species recovery
    EditCaption Description:Seascapes reverse declining population trends for threatened marine species.
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    EditImage URL:/SiteCollectionImages/ci_33408063.jpg
    EditImage Alt Text:Local fishermen launch their boat at Valu Beach, in Nino Konis Santana National Park.. © World Wildlife Fund, Inc. / Matthew Abbott
    EditCaption Title:9. Generate outcomes through human well-being benefits
    EditCaption Description:Seascapes improve the social, economic, and cultural well-being of human communities dependent of marine and coastal resources and ecosystems.
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    Why are Seascapes important?

    Marine ecosystems and the species that flourish within them have incredible value — both to natural functions such as climate change mitigation and to the coastal communities that depend on them.​ Wit​h the Seascapes approach, CI seeks to improve human well-being and ecosystem health, which are intricately linked. We support a long-term commitment to an area as well as building up local capacity among our partners. Working with partners means more resources as well as complementary strengths and institutions that can stand the test of time.

    Working with local partners in eight countries, CI has been instrumental in improving management across four Seascapes: Abrolhos Seascape in Brazil; Bird’s Head Seascape in Indonesia; Eastern Tropical Pacific Seascape in Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia and Ecuador; and Sulu-Sulawesi Seascape in the Philippines, Malaysia and Indonesia.

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    EditImage Alt Text:Beautiful view of Wayag Lagoon from the peak of one of the many islands in Bird's Head..
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    The Bird’s Head Seascape in Indonesia is a network of 12 MPAs covering more than 3.6 million hectares (8.9 million acres) — and is considered the global epicenter of marine biodiversity.

    Learn more
    EditPhoto Credit: © Conservation International/photo by John Martin
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      Why does the Seascapes approach work?

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      EditItem Title:Management at scale
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      EditItem Text:Conservation works best when it is at scale, taking into account an entire area rather than dividing it up. Seascapes are designed to be large enough to encompass different levels of government, but not too large to manage effectively. Having local support and input alongside the reach and impact of government increases the likelihood of conservation success.
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      EditItem Title:The scope of sustainability
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      EditItem Text:Due to their size, Seascapes come with a broad range of issues — and perspectives — to consider. That’s why CI integrates our work across different sectors (public, private, government, community) and uses of marine resources, linking modern tools with traditional knowledge to ensure a sustainable management plan that is stable and successful in the long term.
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      EditItem Title:A shared commitment
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      EditItem Text:To be successful, Seascapes require long-term commitment — more than a decade — from the partners involved. CI has successfully implemented marine management programs for more than 12 years, ensuring commitments from dozens of partners, resulting in the protection of millions of acres of ocean — and supporting the communities that depend on the ocean for their food and their livelihoods in the process.
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      Related content

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      EditImage URL:/SiteCollectionImages/ci_62689080.jpg
      EditImage Alt Text: Za freediving for reef fish
      EditCaption Title:Abrolhos Seascape in Brazil
      EditCaption Description:Generations of fishermen on the Brazilian coast of Bahia have depended on the ocean for their main source of protein and income.
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      EditCaption Title:Bird’s Head Seascape in Indonesia
      EditCaption Description:​The richest marine biodiversity in the world and one of the most compelling conservation victories
      EditRead More Text:Read More
      EditRead More Link:/birds-head[Optional]
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      EditImage URL:/SiteCollectionImages/ci_84406001.jpg
      EditImage Alt Text: Fish swimming in Eastern Tropical Pacific Seascape, Cocos Island, Costa Rica, Central America.
      EditCaption Title:Eastern Tropical Pacific Seascape in Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia and Ecuador
      EditCaption Description:The jewel of the Pacific Ocean is at risk of losing its luster — but we can turn things around.
      EditRead More Text:Read More
      EditRead More Link:/etps[Optional]
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      EditImage URL:/SiteCollectionImages/ci_20440505.jpg
      EditImage Alt Text:Two men haul a canoe onto the beach on a small island in Central Sulawesi.
      EditCaption Title:Sulu-Sulawesi Seascape in the Philippines, Malaysia and Indonesia
      EditCaption Description:Boasting one of the world’s most diverse and productive marine areas, the Sulu-Sulawesi Seascape is threatened by the needs of a growing population.
      EditRead More Text:Read More
      EditRead More Link:/sulu-sulawesi[Optional]
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      EditImage URL:/SiteCollectionImages/ci_51629724.jpg
      EditImage Alt Text:Family (and CI partner) in the Galera-San Francisco Marine Reserve, Ecuador.
      EditCaption Title:BLOG: Seascapes approach helps solve complex ocean problems
      EditCaption Description:International collaboration in the Eastern Tropical Pacific Seascape is benefitting many local fishers.
      EditRead More Text:Read More
      EditRead More Link:http://blog.conservation.org/2012/11/seascapes-approach-helps-solve-complex-ocean-problems/[Optional]
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      EditImage URL:/SiteCollectionImages/ci_68822924.jpg
      EditImage Alt Text:Cocos Island. A National Park and Marine Protected Area in Costa Rica.
      EditCaption Title:BLOG: Success of marine protected areas depends on these 5 things
      EditCaption Description:A new study examines why MPAs are so rich in marine life.
      EditRead More Text:Read More
      EditRead More Link:http://blog.conservation.org/2014/02/success-of-marine-protected-areas-depends-on-these-5-things/[Optional]
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      EditImage URL:/SiteCollectionImages/ci_69672619.jpg
      EditImage Alt Text:Phoenix Islands Protected Area
      EditCaption Title:BLOG: Fishing ban in remote Pacific waters is working, report finds
      EditCaption Description:Satellite and ship-tracking technology bring good news for a California-sized swath of ocean.
      EditRead More Text:Read More
      EditRead More Link:http://blog.conservation.org/2016/03/fishing-ban-in-remote-pacific-waters-is-working-report-finds/[Optional]
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      EditImage URL:/SiteCollectionImages/ci_64224434.jpg
      EditImage Alt Text:Coral reef in Raja Ampat, Indonesia.
      EditCaption Title:Already adapted to major temperature fluctuations, some Indonesian reefs may be better prepared for climate change than others.
      EditCaption Description:Amid widespread coral bleaching, this reef is thriving
      EditRead More Text:Read More
      EditRead More Link:http://blog.conservation.org/2016/06/amid-widespread-coral-bleaching-this-reef-is-thriving/[Optional]
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      EditCall to Action Title:A small step with a big impact
      EditCall to Action Description:Your $75 donation can save a mile of ocean and help protect the planet, for everyone.
      EditCall to Action Button Description:Donate
      EditCall to Action Button Link:https://secure2.convio.net/cintl/site/Donation2?df_id=10266&10266.donation=form1
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      More of Our Work Links

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      EditTitle:The Ocean
      EditImage:/SiteCollectionImages/ci_16084886.jpg
      EditLink:/what/Pages/oceans.aspx
      EditImage Alt Text:Coral reef in Viti Levu, Fiji, Oceania. © William Crosse
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      EditTitle:Transforming fisheries
      EditImage: /sitecollectionimages/ci_87353676.jpg
      EditLink:/How/Pages/Transforming-wild-fisheries-and-fish-farming.aspx
      EditImage Alt Text: Two Tilapia fishes in hands of fisherman, Ecuador. © Kseniya Ragozina
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      EditTitle:Blue Carbon
      EditImage:/SiteCollectionImages/ci_40802177.jpg
      EditLink:/blue-carbon
      EditImage Alt Text:Raja Ampat, Indonesia. © Burt Jones and Maurine Shimlock
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